The most influential revolutionary, nevertheless, was mao tse tung who espoused the importance of protracted struggle, strength of will, and political considerations over military action. Mao tsetungs thoughts on war and peace economic and. The most influential revolutionary, nevertheless, was mao tsetung who espoused the importance of protracted struggle, strength of will, and political considerations over military action. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. Selections from volumes iv and v are translations from the first chinese edition. Other articles where on protracted war is discussed.
Protracted war, and exteriorline operations within interior. The communists and the nationalists had joined in a tenuous. Mao tse tung, samuel b griffith one of the most influential documents of our time, mao tse tung s pamphlet on guerrilla warfare has become the basic textbook for waging revolution in underdeveloped and emergent areas throughout the world. Chinese strategic thinking under mao tsetung the m ao tsetung s thought we have all heard about is essentially all military thoughtthat is, it applies essentially military thinking to all sorts of problems, from industrialisation of a large backward country to the conduct of international affairs. At first glance, the revolutionary strategies of mao, guevara, and the intellectuals who devised al. And therefore, any strategy in war must innevitably be tied to clear political goals for success. Peoples war, also called protracted peoples war, is a maoist military strategy. Born a peasant, mao tse tung became one of the most powerful men in the world. The imperialists are bullying us in such a way that we will have to deal with them seriously. On protracted war is a work comprising a series of speeches by chinese communist leader mao zedong from 1938 may 26 to june 3 at the yenan association for the study of the war of resistance against japan. Mao relates the expansion in the theories, tactics and strategies of guerrilla warfare as practiced by the.
Mao tsetung on protracted war paperback january 1, 1967 by mao tsetung author 5. References to maos, writings are to selected military writings of mao tsetung peking, 1963. Selected military writings of mao tsetung by mao, zedong, 18931976. Problems of war and strategy memorial university of. Western military thought in the 1930s, when most of mao s 10 selected works of mao tse tung new york, 1954, strategic problems of chinas revolutionary war, vol. They are the main forces in the revolutionary war, but, being smallscale producers, they are limited in their political outlook and some of the unemployed masses have anarchist views, so that they are unable to give correct leadership in the war.
As to his overall view of the events of those years, mao adopted an extremely conciliatory attitude toward the nationalists in his report entitled on the new stage october 1938. This series of lectures was delivered by comrade mao tsetung from may 26 to june 3, 1938, at the yenan association for the study of the war of resistance. He left his familys farm at age 16 to pursue his education, abandoning an arranged marriage. Mao tsetung was the principal chinese marxist theorist, soldier and statesman who led his nations cultural revolution. The mass line, despite its increasing ideological ossification in china after 1958, was one of maos key organizational insights.
The largescale publication of quotations from chairman mao tsetung is a vital measure for enabling the broad masses to grasp mao tsetungs thought and. In fact, the literary and artistic works of the past are not a source but a stream. Download free pdf mao tsetung general convert to kobo. Mao tsetung on guerrilla warfare great majority of its citizens. Maos sayings, printed in a little red book, were distributed during the cultural revolution. Click download or read online button to get mao tse tung and operational art during the chinese civil war book now. Its difficult to make sense of the tactical decisions made by ho chi minh and general vo nguyen giap during the indochina wars without understanding. On protracted war is a work comprising a series of speeches by mao zedong given from 1938 may 26 to june 3 at the yenan association for the study of the. The first essay, on practice, is by far the best one all around. We must recognize that this armed resistance is going to be a bitter, protracted war. The result was maos three stage theory of revolutionary war. It may also be mentioned that whereas until 1956 mao. Mao tsetung quoted this in a series of lectures in may.
Its no surprise then that maos rallying cry was for land reform. Mao zedong quotes author of quotations from chairman mao. Clearly guerrilla operations are an important component of revolutionary war, but the underlying principle and fundamental objective is. On protracted war may 1938 this series of lectures was delivered by comrade mao tsetung from may 26 to june 3, 1938, at the yenan association for the study of the war of resistance against japan. It is, of course, military thinking of a special kind. Mao tse tungs three phase theory of revolutionary war. Mao tse tung a transformational leader and his guerilla war. It is worth noting that volume v was published after the death of mao. Selections from on guerilla warfare asia for educators columbia. Lun chijiu zhan is a work comprising a series of speeches by mao zedong given from 1938 may 26 to june 3 at the yenan association for the study of the war of resistance against japan. Mao tse tung s thoughts on war and peace points from a lecture during resistance to japan by a military correspondent in the art of war, a classic, sun tzu laid down. On protracted war problems of war and strategy conclusions on the repulse of the. Mao on warfare compiles mao zedongs principal works on martial theory, including on guerrilla warfare and on protracted war. Mao tse tung s contribution in the development of universal theory of peoples war.
In this short essay, written in the summer of 1937 along with the second essay, on contradiction, mao explains how knowledge and as a result, theory is obtained through the process of perceiving, cognising and conceptualisation, and the flaws of. Here are a few of mao s observations on a long war. Purpose fleet marine force reference publication fmfrp 1218, mao tsetung. Mao and clausewitz would seem to agree on this much, war is simply the pursuit of political ends by other means. Mao tsetung on protracted war mao tsetung eleven years before the founding of the peoples republic of china, and ten months into the japanese invasion of china, maos discussion of protracted war provides fascinating historical insights through an original source document discussing the war of resistance. The parallels between chairman maos thoughts on strategy and those of sun tzu belie a direct lineage of culture and genius spanning twentyfive centuries. According to them the era of marx which began in 1848 carne to an end in 1898 and that of lenin in 1935. Study guide by revleft member thegodlessutopian the following study guide. Mao tsetung on guerrilla warfare translated, with an introduction by.
Fmfrp 1218 mao tsetung on guerrilla warfare marines. In the spring of 1938, mao tse tung delivered a series of lectures at the yenan association for the study of the antijapanese war. Mao zedong quotes author of quotations from chairman mao tse. Mao tse tung on protracted war mao tse tung eleven years before the founding of the peoples republic of china, and ten months into the japanese invasion of china, mao s discussion of protracted war provides fascinating historical insights through an original source document discussing the war of resistance.
Mao has developed strategy and tactics of protracted peoples war as a solution on how to transform guerrilla war into the mobile and positional wars and capture cities through encirclement by establishing base areas in the countryside. Department of the navy hadquarters united states marine corps washington, dc 203800001 5 april 1989 foreword 1. Organization, consolidation and preservation of base areas, usually in difficult and. This piece, written in 1938, is one of the cornerstone pieces to understanding his theory on protracted peoples war and should not be overlooked if one is interested in learning more about this particular manner of conflict. A collection of great essays, but of course, theyre not perfect. Mao tse tung was the principal chinese marxist theorist, soldier and statesman who led his nations cultural revolution.
The japanese war had been going on for almost a year. Japanese guerrilla war and on the protracted war comrade mao tsetung had already answered the ques tion of the leadership of the party in the antijapanese war. Free pdf books from bookyards, one of the worlds first online libraries to offer ebooks to be downloaded for free. Apr 29, 20 the following study guide is to mao tsetungs classic text on warfare on protracted war. Once mao tsetungs thought is grasped by the broad masses, it becomes an inexhaustible source of strength and a spiritual atom bomb of infinite power. In it, he calls for a protracted peoples war, as a means. Selected military writings of mao tse tung by mao, zedong, 18931976. This special edition of the art of war by mao tsetung contains, for the first time in a single volume, his four most important discourses on warfare.
Quotations from chairman mao tsetung download pdfepub. Sculpture reflecting the importance of mao zedong political power comes from the barrel of the gun. Mao tsetung the m ao tsetungs thought we have all heard about is essentially all military thoughtthat is, it applies essentially military thinking to all sorts of problems, from industrialisation of a large backward country to the conduct of international affairs. The three stages of maos revolutionary warfare parallel. Mao tse tung a transformational leader and his guerilla war 1. In 1920 he married yang kaihui, who was later killed during the chinese civil war. June, 1938, ten months after the japanese had attacked china. Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed.
On guerrilla warfare mao tsetung, samuel b griffith download. Mao zedong 18931976, chinese founder of the peoples republic of china. If there also exists even the nucleus of a revolutionary party able to supply doctrine and organization, only one ingredient is needed. Mao reminds us that military strategy is impotent without an understanding of grand strategy. Brief timeline 1930 mao writes a single spark can start a prairie fire 1945 chinese civil war begins, chiang kaishek vs. The fact that she china is a big country enables her to keep up a protracted war. Eleven years before the founding of the peoples republic of china. The present english translation of mao tsetungs combat liberalism has been made from the chinese text given in the second edition of the selected works of mao tsetung, volume ii, published by the peoples publishing house, peking, in august 1952. A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery.
Chinese strategic thinking under mao tsetung coral bell school. But some comrades, misled by right opportunism, denied the partys independence within the united front and so had doubts about or even opposed the partys line on war and strategy. Mao tse tung and operational art during the chinese civil war. Mao tsetung borrowed the revolutionary vanguard from vladimir lenin, ernesto che guevara liked maos ideas about sanctuaries, and al qaeda valued guevaras focoist approach to global insurgency. In on guerrilla warfare, mao explores chinas long history of guerrilla warfare, beginning with the chu and han dynasties. University press of the pacific, jan 20, 2001 history 124 pages. The chinese communist party began in 1921 with soviet advice and. Mao zedong was born on december 26, 1893 in a small. Mao s sayings, printed in a little red book, were distributed during the cultural revolution. All selections from volumes i, ii and iii of the selected works of mao tsetung are english translations based on the second chinese edition of these volumes. In many countries, there are but two classes, the rich and the miserably poor.
Western military thought in the 1930s, when most of maos 10 selected works of mao tsetung new york, 1954, strategic problems of chinas revolutionary war, vol. In actual warfare, defense plays the chief role much of the time and by attack for the rest of the time, but if war is taken as a whole, attack remains primary. Mao tse tung quoted this in a series of lectures in may. Major events in the life of a revolutionary leader all terms appearing in bold are included in the glossary. References to mao s, writings are to selected military writings of mao tse tung peking, 1963. In his 1950 essay marxism and problems of linguistics, stalin had asserted that the superstructure is an exceedingly active force, actively assisting its base to take shape and consolidate itself, and doing its utmost to help the new system to finish off and eliminate the old base and the old. Significance maos revolutionary doctrine necessity of violent revolution. Shortly afterward mao married he zizhen, with whom hed already been living for several years. Problems of strategy in chinas revolutionary war problems of strategy in guerrilla war against japan on protracted war problems of war and strategy conclusions on the repulse of the second anticommunist onslaught the turning point in world war ii on. On protracted war may 1938 this series of lectures was delivered by comrade mao tse tung from may 26 to june 3, 1938, at the yenan association for the study of the war of resistance against japan.601 1573 388 501 527 1078 1415 88 1213 688 1277 405 280 601 758 1483 157 262 989 751 1329 566 18 563 463 178 1561 1186 433 53 33 693 863 1103 1273 230 768 782 1121 1187